The 10 Commandments (Deuteronomy 4:44 – 5:33)

Scripture Text:

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Deuteronomy 4:44 – 5:33


1. What is the point of emphasizing the conquests in verses 44 – 49? Why would this be an important backdrop to the giving of the law?

2. What people, places or practices have been helpful to you in understanding God’s Word?

3. What were the three most important rules in your home when you were growing up? What do these reveal about your family?

4. What are the three most important rules in your present home? What do they reveal about you?

5. This chapter is the first in a long discussion of decrees and laws (chapters 5 – 26). Why begin with this extended sermon with the Ten Commandments? In what sense are these 10 laws the prologue or parent of the other laws?

6. The first four commandments (verses 7 – 15) concern our relationship with God. What do each of these say about the kind of relationship God wants with us? What does this teach you about His nature?

7. The last six commandments (verses 16 – 21) concern human relationships. What do each of these say about the kind of relationship God desires for us and for His creation?

8. What might you infer about human nature in Moses’ day from these 10 laws? Is this an acknowledgement of sinful humanity or are these laws an attempt to change humanity? Explain.

9. As a child, why did you obey rules? Is this different from why you obey rules today? Why or why not?

10. What effect have these ancient laws had on the shaping of law today? What does this tell you about these laws?

11. Do you think human nature has changed since these laws were first given to Moses? Why or why not?

12. Although most of these are written in the negative, they also imply a positive behavior and a divine freedom. For example, “You shall not steal” implies, “Respect personal belongings . . . All things ultimately belong to and are given by God, which frees you from worry.” Restate in your own words the positive behaviors and divine freedoms contained in each commandment.

13. In what ways might your relationship with God and with others be changed if you lived by the positive and freeing intent of the 10 Commandments?

14. Which do you think is the most difficult of the 10 to follow? Why?

Related Blog Post: (click to open)

Exodus 20: Receiving the 10 Commandments


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