Elihu Continues To Speak (Job 34)

Scripture Text:

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Job 34

1. Who owes us “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”?

  • our Creator?
  • our country?
  • our community?
  • our family?

2. Where do you go to find “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”?

3. What do you say to the person whose life motto is: “my rights, right or wrong!”

4. The self-appointed arbitrator, Elihu, summons Job to an earthly court to judge what is justice (verse 4). Since it is not appropriate for God to appear in a human court (verse 23), who does he use as judges? What are the charges brought against Job (verses 5 – 9)? And the verdict (verses 34 – 37)?

5. Why does Elihu rush to God’s defense (verses 10 – 15)? From Elihu’s perspective, who sets the ground rules for justice? Upon what basis does God determine what is just? According to Elihu, does man have an “inalienable right” to God’s justice or is it a divine gift?

6. How does Elihu characterize the way that God administers justice in this world (verses 16 – 30)?

  • totalitarian tyrant?
  • democratic leader?
  • enlightened despot?
  • human rights activist?

7. To what extent does humanity have an active part in administering God’s justice?

8. What “rights” does humanity have to experience the presence of God? From Elihu’s perspective, if God so chooses to hide Himself, what does His silence say about God? About humanity? Does God’s silence mean judgment? What else could it mean?

9. In the United States, we treasure certain “inalienable rights”. What rights do we have before God? Does God “owe” us anything: good health? prosperity? freedom from suffering unusual punishment? sense of His presence?

10. If we do have rights before God, how do we demand justice from him? If God’s justice is not based upon our rights, upon what is it based?

11. In what specific ways does a biblical view of justice (where the unrivaled God is the standard) come in conflict with our civil view of justice (where equality under the law is the standard)?

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