The Last Words of King David (2 Samuel 23:1 – 7)

Scripture Text:

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2 Samuel 23:1 – 7


1. As a teen, who was your “singer of songs” (or favorite music group)? Now what music do you like?

2. Which of his idealized terms (verses 1 – 4) apply to David? Which of these images are more fully realized in David’s greater son, Jesus, the ideal theocratic ruler yet to come?

3. In these last words, how does David underscore the divine inspiration of all his recorded words (verses 2 and 3)?

4. How does David know all is right with his house (verse 5; see also 2 Samuel 7:12 – 16)? How do evil men compare with him (verses 6 and 7)?

5. Regarding divine inspiration, how does God’s Word come to be in human words? By mechanical dictation? Power of suggestion? Or what?

6. Can God speak through you this week? How is that like or unlike divine inspiration? With whom would you like to share God’s Word?



David Takes a Census of the Army – Part 2 (2 Samuel 24:18 – 25; 1 Chronicles 21:18 – 30)

Scripture Text:

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2 Samuel 24:18 – 25

1 Chronicles 21:18 – 30


1. Who is the most generous person in your family? Has this person ever given you something for free for which you’ve insisted on paying?

2. Were you raised in a strict “each-pays-his-own-way” family? Or in a “we-are-all-in-this-together” family?

3. You are Araunah. The plague has reached your threshing floor. The king arrives; wanting to buy it to build an altar. What are you feeling about all this attention? Would you have responded as Araunah does?

4. Are you willing to say to King Jesus, “take whatever pleases You”? What do you fear He might take that you want to keep?

5. The Lord God accepted David and his sacrifice. How about you? Has the Lord your God accepted you? How can you know for sure?


David Takes a Census of the Army – Part 1 (2 Samuel 24:1 – 17; 1 Chronicles 21:1 – 17)

Scripture Text:

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2 Samuel 24:1 – 17

1 Chronicles 21:1 – 17


1. When you were first learning math, what did you use?

  • computer
  • calculator
  • adding machine
  • slide rule
  • abacus
  • fingers

2. Did your parents ever make you “choose your consequences”? What difficult choices do you remember making?

3. This story presents us with many theological and ethical problems as we seek insight into David’s dilemma. Be sure to study both the 2 Samuel text and the 1 Chronicles text carefully. What prompts David’s request to take a census?

  • God’s anger
  • Satan’s ruse
  • David’s pride
  • David’s insecurity
  • Some external threat to national security

4. What does your answer to Question #3 say about who lies behind evil acts (consider also James 1:13 – 15)? How could a man after God’s own heart be duped by Satan?

5. As for the census itself, what’s involved in terms of time, personnel and money?

6. Why is David so conscience-striken (verse 10)? Is taking a census always a wrong, foolish or sinful waste of human resources (Numbers 1:2, 3; Numbers 26:2 – 4)? Didn’t the Lord ultimately direct him to do so?

7. If the Lord did ask David to take the census, then why the subsequent punishment (verses 11 – 17)? Why three options? And why punish the people for something David ordered?

8. Is God working at cross-purposes when He grieves over the punishment inflicted on Israel by His own angel (verse 16)?

9. In what ways are you proud of your accomplishments, acquisitions or responsibilities? Behind the proud image you show the world, are you also insecure? Where are you tempted to lean upon the strength of our superior assets rather than in weakness depend on God?

10. Though you may have prayed for strength to achieve great things for God, where has God made you weak, that you might learn to humbly obey Him?

11. Finally, another ethical dilemma. How does Joab remain true to his own conscience while taking David’s census? Was his secret (1 Chronicles 21:6) a lie? Was it justified by the circumstances?