Laws Of Justice and Mercy; Sabbath Laws; The Three Annual Festivals (Exodus 23:1 – 19)

Scripture Text:

(click to open in a new window)

Exodus 23:1 – 19


1. When (perhaps as a child) did you get caught in a lie? How did you learn “honesty is the best policy”?

2. To which of the Ten Commandments do these laws relate? How are justice and mercy related here?

3. How do these laws (verses 1 – 9) relate to the “see no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil” mentality?

4. What incentive does God give Israel for doing this?

5. How can you show justice and mercy to fellow workers, students, customers, family or strangers because of what God has done for you?

6. What is your favorite place to relax? To work?

7. What would happen if you followed the laws outlined in verses 10 – 13? How would this be good for you? Bad for you?

8. What’s your favorite holy day and holiday? Why?

9. What can you (or do you) do to celebrate God’s provision in your life?

10. Where do you contend with the presence of “yeast” (sin) and “blood sacrifice” (forgiveness) in your life?

11. What would it take to remove the yeast and celebrate? Where does Jesus Christ fit in?


Laws Concerning Social Responsibility (Exodus 22:16 – 31)

Scripture Text:

(click to open in a new window)

Exodus 22:16 – 31


1. What outcast or needy group do you most sympathize with in your community? What effect has your involvement had?

2. How do these laws relate to the Ten Commandments? To the sovereignty of God? To your culture?

3. Who is singled out for special attention by God? What social responsibility does this place on God’s people?

4. Whittle these laws into a few principles for social action. What do you come up with?

5. Choose one: widow, orphan, alien or a poor person. How could your church take responsibility for the special needs of that person?

6. Have you ever been (or are being) mistreated or taken advantage of? How does verse 27b sound to you?

Laws Concerning the Protection of Property (Exodus 22:1 – 15)

Scripture Text:

(click to open in a new window)

Exodus 22:1 – 15


1. Have you ever had something stolen from you? What happened? How did you feel about that?

2. As a child, when did you learn a lesson about stealing?

3. Why doesn’t the principle of “eye for eye” apply in crimes against property? What essential difference does this affirm?

4. If you were to rewrite the list of property protected under God’s law, what would you include from your world? What does that tell you about today’s society?

5. How do you feel about stealing? How do you define stealing?

6. What criteria should we use to determine whether or not we are stealing from someone or an organization?